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China’s jobless youth left in the lurch

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China’s jobless youth left in the lurch

China’s slowing economy has left millions of young people fiercely competing for an ever-slimming raft of jobs and facing an increasingly uncertain future.

Official data released this month showed one in five young people in Chinese cities was out of work in July – more than three times the national average and the highest recorded since January 2018.

Nearly 11 million graduates entered China’s bleak job market this summer with the economy growing at 0.4 percent in the second quarter, the weakest in two years. Companies are reluctant to hire as the economy cools. Experienced workers are jostling for entry-level jobs, elbowing out green hands.

Zhao Yuting, 22, submitted her CV to dozens of companies since graduating in July but  only a handful called her back for an interview, only to turn her down saying she lacked experience.

Armed with a degree in English, Zhao thought she could earn a living as a tutor until she found full-time work.

But recent crackdowns on the tech and education sectors, which usually absorb fresh talent, have evaporated such jobs.

“I’ve been job hunting for two or three months but the prospects of being hired look slim,” said Zhao, who has been forced to move back in with her parents while she hunts for work.

“The longer it takes, the greater the pressure.”

Analysts blame a slowing economy crippled by Covid lockdowns, as well as the large cohort entering the labour force during the graduating season in July and August, for the slim prospects facing China’s youth.

Official data does not track unemployment among rural youth, and the real jobless population could be more than double the official number, estimated Zhuang Bo, an economist at research group TS Lombard.

Blue-collar workers, too, are struggling to find work as growth in the manufacturing and construction sectors cools.

“The reality is more serious than what the data shows,” said Ho-fung Hung, who specialises in China’s political economy at Johns Hopkins University.

“If the problem continues without remedy, it will easily spread social disorders.”

At a job fair in the tech hub Shenzhen, long lines of anxious parents and young graduates waited for a chance to chat with recruiters.

But headhunters at the fair said they were cherry-picking graduates from top universities, because only a few positions were available.

“My goal was to work in Shenzhen, in China’s Silicon Valley,” Luo Wen, a computer science graduate said. “But after more than four months of searching, I’m ready to work even in a smaller city, for less pay.”

Graduates who managed to find work this year were offered salaries that were on average 12 percent less than last year, data from online recruitment firm Zhaopin showed.

– report in Daily Sun, Dhaka